Other United Nations Organizations Main Bodies
There are many other United Nations agencies and partners which are also involved in the of human rights protection and interplay with the United Nations main human rights bodies.
1. “UNHCR” redirects here, It is not to be confused with UNHCR, the United Nations Human Rights Council.
The UN Refugee Agency is called UNHCR, The full form of UNHCR is United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
Its mainly followed the rule that is to protect and Support refugees at the request of a Government or the UN itself and assists in their volutary repatrition.
The UNHCR headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland and is amember of the United Nations Development Group.
2. The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA):
The General Assembly Resolution 46/182 is formed the United Nations Body i.e United nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in December 1991.
The firm decision was designed to strenthen the united nations response to resolve emergencies and natural disasters, catastrophe.
In 1998 the due to reorganization the Department of Humanitarian Affairs (DHA), was combined with the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and focus majorly on disasters.
3. The International Labour Organization (ILO) :
It is solved the issues of labour with Unted nations Agency.
In 193 united nation members the 185 states are members in International Labour Organization (ILO)
For pursuing justice for workers, and arrange technical assistance and for improving peace among classes they received Nobel Peace Prize.
4. The World Health Organization (WHO):
This world health organiation was established in 1948 April 7th.
The head quarters of World Health Organization (WHO) is located in Geneva, Switzerland.
It is a Specialized Agency of the United nations and member of a United nations development group
It’s Constitution had been signed by 61 countries on 22 july 1946 with the 1st meeting of the world.
It played a wide role in the eradiction of smallpox and communicable diseases, HIV, AIDS, Ebola, Malaria and tuberculosis.
Formation:7 April 1948
Parent organization:United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
5. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO):
The main Purpose of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is to help for peace and security by promoting international collaboration through education, Science and culture in order to further universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter.
195 states is members in The Unesco and has 9 associate members.
They conducting 5 major programs i.e, Education, natural Sciences, Social, human Sciences, culture, and Communication.
The main moto of UNESCO is “to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information”.
6. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS, or UNAIDS :
This UNAIDS is the main advocate for Accelerated, comprehensive and coordinated global action on the HIV/AIDS.
The mission of UNAIDS is to lead, strengthen and support an expanded response to HIV and AIDS that includes preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support to those already living with the virus, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV and alleviating the impact of the epidemic.
The United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS has 5 goals:
a) Leadership and advocacy for effective action on the epidemic;
b) Strategic information and technical support to guide efforts against AIDS worldwide ;
c) Tracking, monitoring and evaluation of the epidemic and of responses to it ;
d) Civil society engagement and the development of strategic partnerships;
e) Mobilization of resources to support an effective response.
7. Inter-Agency Standing Committee :
To strengthen humanitarian assistance the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) is an inter-agency forum of UN and non-UN humanitarian partners founded in 1992.
The main moto of the IASC is to improve the delivery of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.
This comittee was established in UN General Assembly Resolution 46/182 and resolution 48/57 confirmed that it should be the primary method for inter-agency coordination.
All members of the IASC are the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (HABITAT), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Health Organization (WHO).
8. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs :
It is a art of UN Secretariat, The resonsibilities of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs is follow-up to the major United Nations Summits and Conferences, as well as services to the United Nations Economic and Social Council and the Second and Third Committees of the United Nations General Assembly.
This is providing a wide range of analytical products, policy advice, and technical assistance, UN DESA effectively translates global commitments in the economic, social and environmental spheres into national policies and actions and continues to play a key role in monitoring progress towards internationally agreed-upon development goals.
9. The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW or UNCSW) :
The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW or UNCSW) is a functional commission of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), one of the main UN organs within the United Nations.
The head quarters of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW or UNCSW) is located in New York.
The main moto of Commission on the Status of Women (CSW or UNCSW) is progress on gender equality, identify challenges, set global standards and formulate concrete policies to promote gender equality and advancement of women worldwide.
Among its activities, the CSW drafted several conventions and declarations, including the Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women in 1967 and women-focused agencies such as UNIFEM and INSTRAW.
10. The United Nations Development Fund for Women :
This United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) was established in 1976 December.
Manager C.Snyder was the 1st director of United Nations Development Fund for Women.
It provides financial and technical assistance to innovative programmes and strategies that promote women’s human rights, political participation and economic security.
In 1996 HRH Princess Basma bint Talal of Jordan was appointed UNIFEM Goodwill Ambassador.
UNIFEM nominated Nicole Kidman as its goodwill ambassador On January 26, 2006.
11. UNICEF :
The United Nations Children’s Fund is also known as UNICEF.
The head quartesrs of United Nations Children’s Fund is located in New York city.
The United Nations Children’s Fund was Extablished by Un General Assembly on 11th December 1946.
UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965 and the Prince of Asturias Award of Concord in 2006.
The main moto of UNICEF is long-term humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers and provide emergency food and healthcare to children.
Headquarters:New York City
Website:UNICEF official site
12. United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) :
It is one of the Oraganization of United Nations.
The main goal of the United Nations Population Fund involves promotion of the right of every woman, man and child to enjoy a life of health and equal opportunity.
United Nations Population Fund aim is “every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe, every young person is free of HIV and sexually transmitted diseases, and every girl and woman is treated with dignity and respect”.
The UNFPA supports programs in more than 150 countries, territories and areas spread across four geographic regions those are Arab States and Europe, Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, and sub-Saharan Africa.
13. UN Women :
The UN Women is also known as United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women.
The current Executive director of UN Women is Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka.
It was a member of UN Develoment Group.
The main moto of UN Women is To support inter-governmental bodies, such as the Commission on the Status of Women, in their formulation of policies, global standards and norms.
14. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) :
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations’ global development network.
The head quarters of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is located in New york city.
It provides expert advice, training, and grant support to developing countries, with increasing emphasis on assistance to the least developed Countries.
The status of UNDP is that of an executive board within the United Nations General Assembly.
UNDP also encourages the protection of human rights and the empowerment of women in all of its programmes.
The organization has country offices in 177 countries, where it works with local governments to meet development challenges and develop local capacity.
15. Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) :
It is an agency of the United nations, it leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
This FAO is a source of knowledge and serving to developed and develoing countries in agreements and debate policy.
The main moto of Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) is “let there be bread” .
FAO emblem with its Latin motto, Fiat panis (“Let there be bread”)
Formation: 16 Oct 1945, in Quebec City, Canada
Type: Specialized Agency
Headquarters: Palazzo FAO, Rome, Italy
Head: Jose Graziano da Silva (current)
Parent organization:UN Economic and Social Council
16. United Nations Human Settlements Programme (HABITAT):
The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (HABITAT) was establishd in 1978 in Vancouver in Habitat.
The head quarters of United Nations Human Settlements Programme (HABITAT) is located in Nairobi, Kenya
It was adopted by the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) in Istanbul, Turkey, in 1996.
The main moto of United Nations Human Settlements Programme (HABITAT) is adequate shelter for all and the development of sustainable human settlements in an urbanizing world.
Type: Specialized Agency
Legal status: Active
Head: Executive Director of UN-Habitat -Joan Clos i Matheu
17. United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) :
The United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) is located in United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations.
The main moto of UNMAS is ensuring an effective, proactive and coordinated United Nations response to landmines and explosive remnants of war through collaboration with 13 other UN departments, agencies, funds and programmes.
Current Director of UNMAS is Ms.Agnes Marcaillou.
Formation: October 1997
Purpose landmine clearance, mine risk education, victim assistance and advocacy
Headquarters: United Nations, New York
Main organ: Department of Peacekeeping Operations / Office of Rule of Law and Security Institutions
Parent organization: United Nations