Current Affairs 26th October 2017 Complete Updates – GK – General Knowledge
26th October 2017 Current Affairs:
>> >>Indian-Origin Coupke gets US Award
A globally-acclaimed South African Indian-origin researcher couple was honoured today with a prestigious award for their exceptional contributions in the field of HIV/AIDS.
Professors Salim Abdool Karim and Quarraisha Abdool Karim received the award from the Institute for Human Virology (IHV) in Baltimore in the US.
The award was presented to them by Robert Gallo, who discovered HIV as the cause of AIDS, at the 19th international meeting of the IHV.
>> >>Thumri Queen passes away at 88
Eminent classical singer and Padma Vibhushan awardee Girija Devi passed away at hospital in Kolkata tonight following a cardiac arrest.
Girija Devi was 88 and survived by a daughter. Considered as the queen of Thumri and fondly called Appa ji, Girija Devi was taken to the city’s BM Birla Heart Research Centre this afternoon with cardiovascular ailments.
Besides Padma Shri (1972), Padma Bhushan (1989) and Padma Vibhushan (2016), the stalwart was honoured with the Tansen Samman by the Madhya Pradesh government, besides receiving the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (1977).
>> >>First 3D printed Wearable ‘battery’
In a first, scientists have found a simple and affordable method to 3D print a flexible and wearable ‘battery’.
The printer squirts stacks of silicone, glue and gel electrolyte pastes like a layer cake, to make what looks like a clear festival wristband.
“This has developed a novel 3D printing method for manufacturing flexible supercapacitators, by one single continuous process using low-cost flexible silicone compatible with the electrode, current collector and electrolyte materials.
The research was published in the journal Materials Science and Engineering.
>> >>World’s oldest astrolabe that guided ships to India found
An Astrolabe found in the shipwreck off the coast of Oman is believed to be the world’s oldest known type of a navigational tool. According to Marine archaeologists the instrument was once used by mariners to measure the altitude of the Sun during their voyages.
It dates back to 1495 and 1500. It is believed that the Astrolabe guided Portuguese explorers on perilous voyages to India in the 16th century.
The astrolabe was recovered from a Portuguese explorer which sank during a storm in the Indian Ocean in 1503
The maritime astrolabe is 17.5-centimetre wide in diameter and is less than 2 mm thick and is made of bronze disc.
>> >>Disarmament Week 24-30 October
Disarmament Week is celebrated every year from October 24-30.
It was founded by the United Nations in 1978 with the purpose to control, reduce, limit and abolish weapons of mass destruction.
The purpose of celebrating this week is to create awareness about the dangers of arms race, need of reducing weapons and how it affects the environment.
>> >>Rs. 2 Lakh Fine on Environment Ministry
The Supreme Court on Tuesday imposed a fine of Rs 2 lakh on the Environment Ministry for not fixing emission norms of Sulphur Dioxide and Nitrogen Oxide for 34 categories of industries — important to mitigate air pollution in Delhi and the NCR.
Imposing the fine, the apex court also banned the use of pet coke and furnace oil in the National Capital Region (NCR).
The bench of Justice Madan B. Lokur and Justice Deepak Gupta took exception to the Ministry issuing draft norms on October 23.
>> >>CII Industrial Innovation 2017
L&T Technology Services Ltd (LTTS), a leading global pure play engineering services company, was conferred with the CII Industrial Innovation Award, 2017 that recognized it as one of the most innovative Indian companies in the services category at the CII Industrial Innovation Awards ceremony in New Delhi.
The Confederation of Indian Industry lauded LTTS’ efforts to create a collaborative ecosystem comprising of global technology firms.
>> >>Commerce and Industry Minister Shri Suresh Prabhu launches CIPAM’s Website
The Minister for Commerce and Industry, Shri Suresh Prabhu launched the official website for the Cell for IPR Promotion and Management (CIPAM) of the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).
CIPAM has been set up under the aegis of DIPP with a mandate to effectively implement the National Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy.
The website is interactive providing regular updates on all upcoming events.
>> >>Woman Biker Sana Iqbal Dies in Car Crash
Cross-country woman bike rider Sana Iqbal, who had taken up the fight against suicide and depression by spreading awareness through her bike rides, died in a car accident in Hyderabad.
In November 2015, Sana embarked on a solo bike ride from Goa through the length and breadth of the country on a Royal Enfield.
Sana covered 38,000 km by a bike during her solo mission. Sana also delivered talks on depression at various colleges.
> >>Penalty on Yes Bank and IDFC Bank
The Reserve Bank of India has slapped a monetary penalty of Rs 6 crore on Yes Bank and Rs 2 crore on IDFC Bank for violating regulations issued by the regulator.
Yes Bank has been fined for non-compliance with the directions issued by RBI on Income Recognition Asset Classification (IRAC) norms and delayed reporting of information security incident involving ATMs of the bank.
Last year data of over 32 lakh debit cards used at about 80 ATMs were suspected to have been compromised.
>> >>Virat Kohli got 7th rank in Forbes
Virat Kohli, Indian cricket team captain, has been ranked above the Argentinean and Barcelona football legend Lionel Messi as one of the most valuable brands among sports athletes by Forbes.
According to Forbes, Kohli is ranked seventh in the list released by Forbes ahead of Messi, who is at ninth. Between Kohli and Messi is the Irish golfer Rory McIlroy. Kohli is placed at seventh with a brand value of $14.5 million, compared to Messi’s $13.5 million.
Roger Federer tops the list with a brand value of $37.2 million.
>> >>India and ADB Sign $300 Mn Loan
The Asian Development Bank and the Government of India signed a $300 million loan today to continue a series of fiscal reforms in the State of West Bengal to improve the quality of public service delivery.
The Second West Bengal Development Finance Program targets a further increase in public investment through reduction of unproductive expenditure, and savings from efficiencies in revenue collections.
The Program will build on earlier intervention under Phase I of the project through the $400 million Program that targeted a comprehensive fiscal consolidation program in the state.
>> >>First Tesla factory outside US
High-end product making company Tesla has always amazed people with its innovative way of making things, be it cars or lithium-ion batteries.
The company a few months back launched Tesla model 3 Electric Car which received praise from automobile enthusiasts globally.
Company’s CEO Elon Musk is a very keen devotee of electric cars and has been pursuing people to switch to electric-powered cars from gasoline-powered cars to fight against global warming. And now the company is one step closer to its goal of mass producing electric cars.
>> >>‘Most Powerful’ passport: Singapore
The Indian passport could be the most powerful identification document in the country, but when it comes to the global scene, it fares rather poorly.
The Passport Index developed by Arton Capital ranks national passports on the cross-border access it grants to citizens based on its ‘visa-free score’.
The index takes into account 193 countries and six territories. The Indian passport was ranked 75, and had a score of 51.
>> >>MP govt shelves plan to shift to Jan-Dec fiscal format
Madhya Pradesh, which was the first state to announce that it would switch to January-December financial year from the existing April-March cycle starting 2018, has put the plan on the back burner.
The state government’s decision had come close on the heels of Prime Minister Narendra Modi making a pitch for changing the current fiscal format during NITI Aayog’s governing council meet in the national capital.
Changing the financial year format means shifting the tax assessment year, changes in infrastructure, especially at the company level.
>> >>Melbourne Mercer Global Pension Index
While India stands at the 28th position out of the 30 among the reviewed countries in the Melbourne Mercer Global Pension Index 2017, its pension system is found to be more sustainable than that of Poland, Germany, France, Japan, Italy, Austria, Brazil, China and Argentina.
The reviewed pension system of 30 countries which together cover 60 percent of the world’s population.
India’s continued increase in sub-index value under sustainability from 40.9 to 43.8 is primarily due to the inclusion of the new economic growth question in the sustainability sub-index.”
>> >>‘Focus State’ at World Food India-2017
Odisha will be the ‘Focus State’ in the World Food India (WFI)-2017, a mega international food event to be held at New Delhi from November 3 to 5.
More than 200 global companies from 30 countries will be participating in the event.
Odisha will be setting up its own Pavilion with 12 stalls showcasing various processed food items of Odisha like spices, cashew, confectionary items, processed agro food, sea food in the event.
>> >>Ban on pics of living on persons on banners
The Madras high court on Tuesday banned the use of pictures of living persons on banners and hoardings in Tamil Nadu.
It means that pictures of the chief minister, ministers or politicians can no longer be used in posters or hoardings.
The court has also barred use of photos of people sponsoring the pictures.
>> >>SAATHI to help small Industries
Ministries of Power and Textiles have joined hands under a new initiative SAATHI (Sustainable and Accelerated Adoption of efficient Textile technologies to Help small Industries).
Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a public sector entity under the administrative control of Ministry of Power, would procure energy efficient Power looms, motors and Rapier kits.
The use of this efficient equipment would result in energy savings and cost savings to the unit owner.